Images

< Links | Documentation index | Text formatting rules >

To place an image into a page, enter the address (url) of the image into the markup text. Any alternate text (used for tooltips and for browsers that do not display images) is placed in double quotes immediately following the image url. A caption can follow separated by a vertical bar (|), and may include simple formatting

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"Paper clips" | [- %newwin% [[
(Wikipedia:Paper_clips | Paper clips ]] are ''fun'' to work with. -]

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites) | Paper clips are fun to work with.

Images can also be specified as uploaded files (i.e., Attach:image.jpeg) and using InterMap links. By default PmWiki supports the following image types:

'gif','jpg','jpeg','png','bmp','ico','wbmp', # images

(See also Uploads and Notes below for image files that lack extensions.)

To create a link to an image (like http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites) as opposed to displaying the image itself), use double brackets to mark the link, as in [[http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg]] or [[Attach:image.jpeg]].

To have an image link to another location, use the image as the link text as in

[[http://pmwiki.org/ | http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"PmWiki"]]|Visit
'''PmWiki'''

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites)(approve sites)|Visit PmWiki

or [[http://example.com|Attach:Groupname/image.jpeg]].

Captions and floating images

A caption can be added to an image using a vertical brace and the caption text.

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"Paper
clips" | '''Figure 1'''

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites) | Figure 1

Normally, images are displayed "in line" with the surrounding text. Use %center% to center an image. Use %right% to right-align an image.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. %center%http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"Paper
clips"%%

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing
elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.
%right% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg%%

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites)

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites)

To left or right-align an image with text wrapping around it, use the %lfloat% or %rfloat% WikiStyles.

%lfloat text-align=center margin-top=5px margin-right=25px
margin-bottom=5px margin-left=25px% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg |
'''Rock on!'''
'''The image is left-aligned, with margins set; the caption is centered;
the text wraps on the right side of the image.'''

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing
elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut
enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. 

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites) | Rock on! The image is left-aligned, with margins set; the caption is centered; the text wraps on the right side of the image.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

The [[<<]] markup breaks floating text, and the text continues at the bottom of the image.

%lfloat% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg
'''The image is left-aligned, and the text wraps on the right side of the
image. The text after the ''[@[[<<]]@]'' markup continues below the
image.'''
[[<<]]
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. 

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites) The image is left-aligned, and the text wraps on the right side of the image. The text after the [[<<]] markup continues below the image.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Use the %lframe% or %rframe% styles to float an image and place a frame around the image and its caption. The frame can be formatted via wikistyles:

%rframe% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg | '''Rock on!'''
'''The image is right-aligned, and the text wraps on the left side of the
image.'''

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing
elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim
veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea
commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing
elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

%cframe width=100px bgcolor=lightblue border='3px solid red' padding=20px%
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg

Example to show failure to fully apply width setting:-
%cframe width=50px bgcolor=lightblue border='3px solid red' padding=20px%
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites) | Rock on! The image is right-aligned, and the text wraps on the left side of the image.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites)

Example to show failure to fully apply width setting:- http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites)

Use %block rframe% to set off multiple images and caption text to be stacked vertically in a right-floating frame.

%block rframe width=300px%http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg\\
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.\\\
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg\\
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod
tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.%%

Text subsequent to the defined block wraps to the left of the frame. Lorem
ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor
incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis
nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo
consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do
eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites)
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites)
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

Text subsequent to the defined block wraps to the left of the frame. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

Resizing images

To resize an image via wikistyles, use %width=50px% or %height=50px% in front of an image. The %thumb% wikistyle is a helpful shortcut for %width=100px%.

%width=50px% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg \
%height=50px% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg \
%thumb% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites) http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites) http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites)

Note: Resizing an image via wikistyles only affects how it is displayed in a browser; it does not reduce the transfer size of the image itself - hence resizing via wikistyles is not an acceptable method of generating a page-full of images, or 'gallery'.

If you want a resized image within a link, you have to specify the size before the link as well as close it off with a %%.

%width=134 height=100%[[http://pmwiki.org/ |
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"PmWiki"]]%%

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites)(approve sites)

To open the link in new window, you place %newwin% before the size specification.

%newwin%%width=134 height=100%[[http://pmwiki.org/ |
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"PmWiki"]]%%

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites)(approve sites)

Resized images using %thumb% can also be floated with frames, as well as made into links.

%lframe thumb% [[http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg |
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg"Burst the bubble"]] | [-Bubble-]
%lframe thumb% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg"Clip the ticket" |
[-Paper Clips-]
%lframe thumb% [[DocumentationIndex |
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg"Visit the Documentation Index"]] |
[[DocumentationIndex | [-Rock On-]]]

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites)(approve sites) | Bubble http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/pc.jpg(approve sites) | Paper Clips http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/gem.jpg(approve sites) | Rock On

Images as links

To use an image as a link specify an image instead of text in the link markup.

[[PmWiki/Links | http://pmichaud.com/img/2003/atc-1.gif"Information about
wiki links"]]

http://pmichaud.com/img/2003/atc-1.gif(approve sites)

Notes

  • An image file that lacks a correct extension can be displayed by addition of a "false" extension to the URL. For example, if the url is http://example.com/script/tux, add a fake query string on the end with the desired extension (e.g., http://example.com/script/tux?format=.png). If query strings are unsuitable, a fragment identifier should work, e.g. http://example.com/script/tux#file.png.
  • Relative width is possible by using percentages.
%width=10pct% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg \
%height=30pct% http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg 

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites) http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites)

  • Flowing text is possible, like captions, within a frame
>>lframe width=130px<<
%thumb width=130% [[http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg |
http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg"Burst the bubble"]] | [--Long
caption for an image like [[http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg | the
bubble]]. This is just to show some text flowing within the frame.--]
>><<

http://pmichaud.com/img/misc/bubble.jpg(approve sites)(approve sites) | Long caption for an image like the bubble(approve sites). This is just to show some text flowing within the frame.

Unable to upload images? If you get messages telling you that the upload was not able to complete for some reason, here's something to check. If your web host has your web site

http://www.website.com

with username

username

the system path (not http) to your website could be at

/home/users/~username/public_html

If you have your wiki installed at what you think is the system's root directory

/pmwiki

your system's path to the wiki uploads directory might actually be

/home/users/~username/public_html/pmwiki/uploads

instead of the simpler

/pmwiki/uploads

That's how I was able to get mine working.

See also

  • Cookbook:Images - adding image galleries, automatic thumbnails, background images and more.

Credits

The images on this page were obtained from http://flickr.com(approve sites) and are redistributed under a Creative Commons License.

Is it possible to link an image on PmWiki without using a fully qualified URL?

Yes. For images that are attachments, the general format is Attach:Groupname/image.gif. To link to an image that is on the same server, use Path:/path/to/image.gif.

Can I attach a client image file on PmWiki?

Yes, see Uploads .

How can I include a page from another group that contains an attached image?

Include the page in the normal way, ie (:include GroupName.Pagename:). In the page to be included (that contains the image) change Attach:filename.ext to Attach:{$Group}./filename.ext.

Why, if I put an image with rframe or rfloat and immediatly after that I open a new page section with ! the section title row is below the image instead of on the left side?

Because the CSS for headings such as ! contains an element clear:both which forces this behaviour. Redefine the CSS locally if you want to stop this happening, but I think the bottom border (that underlines the heading) would need further re-definition. I just use bolding for the title, and 4 dashes below ---- to separate a new section, and it saves the effort of fiddling with the core definitions.

Unlike the lframe and rframe directives, cframe does not fully honour the width setting. While the frame itself resizes to match the request, the enclosed image does not, and retains its original width. Effect is the same in IE and Fx. I've added an example beneath the standard example above.

Is it possible to disallow all images? I already disabled uploads but I also want to disallow external images from being shown on my wiki pages.

Yes, add to config.php DisableMarkup('img');

How can I make it so that when I place an image in a page, the block of text it is in is a <p> (paragraph) rather than a <div> (division)?

If you just want it to happen for a single image (instead of all), then try putting [==] at the beginning of the line, as in:

[==] http://www.pmwiki.org/pub/pmwiki/pmwiki-32.gif

Having [==] at the beginning of a line forces whatever follows to be part of a paragraph.

Is there any way to use relative paths for images?

See Cookbook:RelativeLinks and $EnableLinkPageRelative.

Is there a way to attach a BMP and have it display rather than link?

PmWiki supports .bmp images out of the box. If you insist on using an uppercase extension see Cookbook:AddImageType.

Is there a way to have a table to the left or right of an image?

Yes, see TableAndImage(approve sites).

< Links | Documentation index | Text formatting rules >


This page may have a more recent version on pmwiki.org(approve sites): PmWiki:Images, and a talk page: PmWiki:Images-Talk.